Registration and login are required to submit items online and to check the status of current submissions.

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format and has been compiled using this template.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

The Namibian Journal of Environment is a scientific e-journal published by the Environmental Information Service, Namibia for the Ministry of Environment and Tourism, the Namibian Chamber of Environment and the Namibia University of Science and Technology.


The Namibian Journal of Environment  accepts papers containing information about any aspect of the environment in Namibia. This includes areas of ecology, agriculture, social sciences, economics, policy and law, water and energy, climate change, planning, land use, pollution, strategic and environmental assessment and related fields. It publishes primary research findings, syntheses and reviews, applied and theoretical research, field observations and the testing of hypotheses, new ideas and the exchange of opinions. Papers should be the original work of the author(s) named. Submissions should be reader-friendly to specialists and non-specialists alike and accessible to readers for whom English is not the first language. The Namibian Journal of Environment  uses UK spelling and grammar.


Editorial process:


Research or Review papers are published online on the Namibian Journal of Environment  website after they have been refereed or peer-reviewed and accepted by the editor. An editorial committee assists the editor in screening papers for publication.  Submissions to the Namibian Journal of Environment should be in the prescribed format, otherwise they will not be considered for publication.  Field notes will be reviewed by the journal editor or editorial committee. All submissions, whether formal papers or field notes, must be written in correct English. The journal editor will make minor corrections to spelling and grammar, but will not rewrite poor English nor correct careless mistakes.  Neither is it the task of the reviewers to correct poor English.  All submissions should be sent to an English editor before submission.  A list of potential English editors and their rates can be obtained from the journal editor.  Poorly written articles will be returned to the authors for improvement before they are sent out for review.


Submission of a manuscript implies that it is the original work of the author(s) and is not being submitted to any other publication..


Formatting: All formal submissions should be submitted using this template.  This should be used to submit papers in the "suggested final" form – the editor may edit the submission. Look at papers on the website to see the style that is followed. Each paragraph should start flush left (no tabs or indents) and paragraphs must be separated by a line space. Authors are requested to try to use the heading formats supplied in the template. Double quotations are used, with single quotations to highlight a quote within a quote.


Photos, drawings and tables: Images should be clear and of high quality and provided with clear, descriptive captions in italics below the image, numbered Figure 1, Figure 2, etc. Images must form part of the "suggested" layout of the submitted paper and in jpg format. All images must also be submitted as separate files with the paper. Colour and line drawings should be scanned and saved at 300 dpi and submitted as separate jpg files. If tables and histograms (with captions) form part of the document they should also be submitted separately as Excel (.xls) files.


Common names should be followed by the scientific names in italics (written in correct taxonomic format) when used the first time in the text.


Acronyms and abbreviations should be defined in parentheses the first time they are used in the text. Thereafter the short form is sufficient.


Metric units with the decimal point should be used in the text.


Dates in the text should be in the long, UK form – 1 August 2010 – and time given in the 24-hr format – 16h45. There should be one space between sentences, and one space between a digit and a unit term (e.g. 5 kg, 5 cm). No space before %. The ampersand "&" may not be used except in the references. Ranges should be indicated with a hyphen, e.g. 1985-2001, except in situations such as the "2007/08 rainfall year".


Use of apostrophe: This denotes possession or omission of letters. It is NOT used in forming the plural form of words e.g. 1980s, photos, taxis.


In-text citation: Reference must be made to the source of any information that was not recorded during the course of the research undertaken, either as part of the sentence e.g. Jones (2017) found that… or in parentheses e.g.  Snakes have legs (Amwaama 2017, Jones 2013, Smith & Shilongo 2000).  Multiple citations should be listed alphabetically, separated by a comma.  More than two authors should be given as the first author followed by et al. e.g. (Shilongo et al. 1934).  Verbal communications should be given as e.g. Jones (pers. com. 2017) or (Jones pers. com. 2017).


References should be added alphabetically at the end of the paper. Correct punctuation should be used (see below). Footnotes should not be used as a form of referencing.


• Names of authors should appear in the order they appear in the source and be in bold


• All authors should be included up to six. For more than six authors the remaining authors should be given as et al.


• Use "&" between names of authors. Titles of books and journals are italicised. Journal titles should be given in full.


• Where possible the URL of references available electronically should be included.


• Refer to the samples below for the reference formats for a journal article, a book, a book chapter and an online document


Aust P, Boyle B, Fergusson R & Coulson T 2009. The impact of Nile crocodiles on rural livelihoods in northeastern Namibia. South African Journal of Wildlife Research 39(1): 57-69.


Mendelsohn JM, Jarvis AM, Roberts CS & Robertson T 2002. Atlas of Namibia. David Philip, Cape Town. 


Crawford RJM 1997. Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus. In: Harrison JA, Allan DG, Underhill LG, Herremans M, Tree AJ, Parker V & Brown CJ (eds). The Atlas of Southern African Birds Vol 1. Non-passerines. BirdLife South Africa, Johannesburg: 462–463.


Author AA & Author BB 2003. Title of document. [Title and details of online journal – if applicable]. Available from: full web address/URL (Accessed on dd.MM.yyyy).


If in doubt, please consult the editor.


Enquiries and submissions for publication: All enquiries and submissions should be addressed to the Editor: editor@nje.org.na.

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.